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Sweden no longer requires sterilization prior to sex change
(Blogmensgo, January 24, 2013) In force since 1972 but deemed discriminatory and unconstitutional, forced sterilization of transgender people was abolished on January 10, 2013. This decision follows a ruling by the Administrative Court of Appeal in Stockholm delivered on 19 December 2012.
The appellate court considers that forced sterilization, included in the 1972 law on sexual identity is threefold wrong to focus solely on transgender people (discrimination), an attempt on the integrity of individuals (unconstitutional ) and not respecting of the European Convention on human Rights.
Swedish administrative justice had been seized by a transsexual person who refused to be sterilized. Parliament voted in the meantime, in autumn 2012, a law prohibiting forced sterilization due to enter into force on 1 July 2013.
Ulrika Westerlund, President RFSL (National Federation for the rights of gay, bi and trans), said in a statement that it must now pass a law on compensation for people forcibly sterilized, otherwise RFSL - supported by three other Swedish LGBT communities - require repair before the court.
Level of compensation at least equal to NOK 200,000 per person (23 300 euros) seems acceptable. Such compensation law has been passed in 1999, up to 175,000 crowns per person (20,400 euros) in favor of eugenics victims of sterilizations performed between 1935 and 1996.
Compensation could involve up to 500 people. This is the number of people who have officially changed sex in Sweden between 1972 and 2011, from a total of 865 applications.
This article has been translated from our French blog, to view the original, click here.